Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a new strain that was discovered in 2019 and has not been previously identified in humans.

Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people.  Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans. 

Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. 

Standard recommendations to prevent infection spread include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.


  • FirstLink – 211 or 701.235.7335 – Please inform FirstLink of any changes or closures at your agency either via email or with the contact us form on their website.
  • North Dakota Emergency Operations Center – 701.328.0707 – If an individual needs quarantine and no other avenues are available, ND Emergency Operations Center will assist in finding an alternative short-term quarantine location.
  • Hunger Free North Dakota – Finding food help in a time of COVID-19

State of North Dakota Resources

Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and Prevention

Assessment of SARS-CoV-2 Infection Prevalence in Homeless Shelters – Four U.S. Cities, March 27-April 15, 2020

Checklist for Homeless Service Providers During Community Re-opening


COVID-19 Infection Control Inventory and Planning Tool for Homeless Service Providers

COVID-19 Vaccine Updates for Homeless Service Providers

Discontinuation of Isolation for Persons with COVID-19 Not in Healthcare Settings

Disease Risks and Homelessness

Environmental Cleaning and Disinfection Recommendations

Homeless Shelter Worker Training

Infection Prevention and Control Considerations for Alternate Care Sites

Interim Considerations for Health Departments for SARS-CoV-2 Testing in Homeless Shelters and Encampments

Interim Guidance for Homeless Service Providers to Plan and Respond to Coronavirus Disease 2019

Interim Guidance for Responding to Coronavirus Disease 2019 among People Experiencing Unsheltered Homelessness

Overview of Testing for SARS-CoV-2

Resources for Homeless Shelters

Resources to Support People Experiencing Homelessness

Screening Clients for Respiratory Infection Symptoms at Entry to Homeless Shelters

Vaccination Guidance During a Pandemic

Federal Emergency Management Agency

Coronavirus Pandemic: Eligible Emergency Protective Measures

Internal Revenue Service

Coronavirus Tax Relief and Economic Impact Payments

Supplemental Security Income Recipients will Receive Automatic Economic Impact Payments; Step Follows Work between Treasury, IRS, Social Security Administration

Treasury, IRS Unveil Online Application to Help with Economic Impact Payments; Get My Payment Allows People to Provide Direct Deposit Information and Gives Payment Date

What you Need to Know About the Second Economic Impact Payments

U.S. Department of Agriculture

COVID-19 Federal Rural Resource Guide

Rural Development COVID-19 Response

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

FEMA/HHS Community Mitigation Task Force Sustaining Nutritional Needs for At-risk Individuals

Information on Federal Programs to Sustain Nutrition for At-risk Individuals

Interim Guidance for COVID-19 and Persons with HIV

TANF-ACF-PI=2020-02 (Questions and Answers about TANF and the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic)

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)

ArcGIS Business Analyst Infographic Map

Availability of Waivers of CPD Grant Program and Consolidated Plan Requirements to Prevent the Spread of COVID-19 and Mitigate Economic Impacts Caused by COVID-19 for CoC, ESG, and HOPWA

COVID-19 Client Triage Tool: Atlanta, GA CoC Example

COVID-19 Flexible Subsidy Pool Fundamentals: Essentials and How to Get Started

COVID-19 Planning and Response: Lessons Learned from Outreach Workers

COVID-19 Preparedness Checklist for Shelter Facilities 

How to Complete the Winter Emergency Plan Planning Guide and Template

Partnering with Local PHAs

Questions to Assist CoCs and Public Health Authorities to Plan and Prepare for Vaccine Distribution

Vaccine Planning and Distribution: Roles and Responsibilities

Winter Planning Guide Overview: Meeting Winter Shelter Needs and Mitigating Health Risks

Winter Response Activation and Communications Planning Guide and Template

COVID-19 Frequently Asked Questions

Multi-Family Stakeholders

Public Housing Agencies

Tribes and Tribally Designated Housing Entities (TDHEs)

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: 5 Tips to Approaching Rehousing with Racial Equity

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Alternative Approaches to Winter Sheltering During COVID-19

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Comparable Database Vendor Checklist

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Coordination with the Veteran System

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Eligible ESG Program Costs for Infectious Disease Preparedness

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Establishing a Capitalized Operating Reserve

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Grants Management – Procurement Strategies for ESG-CV

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Grants Management Support – Staffing Options for ESG-CV Administration

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: HMIS Project Setup and Inventory Changes During an Infectious Disease Outbreak

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Hotel/Motel Acquisitions for Permanent Housing

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Serving Survivors through Coordinated Entry

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Holistic Investment Planning for State ESG Entitlements and Balance of State CoCs

COVID-19 HMIS Setup and Data Sharing Practices

COVID-19 HMIS Workflow

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Advancing Racial Equity through Assessments and Prioritization

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Case Management Ratios

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Changes to Coordinated Entry Prioritization to Support and Respond to COVID-19

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Connecting Quarantine to Coordinated Entry: Mainstream Resources

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Data & Equity: Using the Data You Have

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Emergency Solutions Grant Program Reporting Guidance

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: ESG Homelessness Prevention Eligibility During Eviction Moratoria

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Equity-Driven Changes to Coordinated Entry Prioritization

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: High Acuity: Transition from Short-term to Long-term Subsidy

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: HMIS Allowable Expenses for ESG

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Homelessness Prevention: Effective and Efficient Prevention Programs

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Housing Surges – Special Considerations for Targeting People Experiencing Unsheltered Homelessness

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: How to Design, Scale, and Fund a Homelessness Prevention Program During COVID-19

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: IDIS Fact Sheet for ESG and ESG-CV Funds Setup

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Increasing Equity in the Homeless Response System Through Expanding Procurement

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Justice Partnerships and Reentry Solutions

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Landlord Engagement

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Leveraging Integrated Data to Support and Enhance COVID-19 Responses

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Operational Healthcare Partnerships

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Primer on Serving People with High-Acuity Needs

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Prevention to Promote Equity

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Public Housing Authority Data Sharing Agreements

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Rapid Expansion of HMIS: Things to Consider

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Rehousing Activation: Planning and Implementation Tips

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Special Population Rehousing Strategy – People Experiencing Unsheltered Homelessness

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Staff Capacity: Considerations for Scaling Up

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Strategies for Eviction Prevention

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Supporting Individuals Exiting Isolation or Quarantine

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: System Planning: A Framework for Homelessness Prevention

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Targeted Rehousing Strategy Overview

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Untapped Expertise: Strategies for Inclusive Stakeholder Engagement When Development Your Coordinated Investment Plan

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Victim Service Provider – Comparable Database ESG-CV Project Set-Up Tips

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: VSP Comparable Database & Reporting Requirements

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Wellness Checklist for Client Engagement

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: What to Expect from Remote Case Management

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: When to Use Personal Protective Equipment

COVID-19 Homeless System Response: Winter Planning Resources

COVID-19 Information and Resources

COVID-19 Informational Flyer: Approach to Winter Planning

COVID-19 Informational Flyer: Winter Shelter Planning During the Pandemic

COVID-19 Informational Flyer: Help Prevent the Spread of Coronavirus

COVID-19 Informational Flyer: What to Do in a Shelter When Someone Shows COVID-19 Symptoms

COVID-19 Informational Flyer: Facility Layout: You Know You’re Ready When You Have

COVID-19 Informational Flyer: Cleaning Activities: You Know You’re Ready When You Have

COVID-19 Informational Flyer: Help Stop the Spread of COVID-19 by Watching for These Possible Symptoms

COVID-19 Landlord Engagement: Reset Your Community’s Critical Partnerships During COVID Response

COVID-19 Landlord Engagement Spotlight: Miami-Dade County

COVID-19 Prevention and Response for Homeless Providers: Daily Resource Digest

CPD Memo: Availability of Additional Waivers for CPD Grant Programs to Prevent the Spread of COVID-19 and Mitigate Economic Impacts Caused by COVID-19

CPD Memo: Availability of a Waiver and Alternate Requirements for the CAPER for CPD Grant Programs in Response to the Spread of COVID-19

CPD Memo: CARES Act Flexibility for ESG and HOPWA Funds Used to Support Coronaviris Response and Plan Amendment Waiver

Disease Risks and Homelessness

Essential Services for Encampments During an Infectious Disease Outbreak

Federal Funding Priority Order for Non-congregate Shelter During COVID-19

Five Things to Consider When Investing ESG in Homelessness Prevention

HMIS Privacy and Security Standards and COVID-19 Response

HMIS Project Setup and Inventory Changes During an Infectious Disease Outbreak

How does the Federal CARES Act Eviction Moratorium Impact the ESG and CoC Programs? FAQs and Flyer

How to Screen Clients upon Entry to Shelter or Opportunity Centers

Infectious Disease Toolkit for CoCs

Non-Congregate Approaches to Sheltering for COVID-19 Homeless Response

Non-Congregate Sheltering – Recommendations for Requests for Assistance

Notice Public and Indian Housing 2020-05: “COVID-19 Statutory and Regulatory Waivers for the Public Housing, Housing Choice Voucher, Indian Housing Block Grant and Indian Community Development Block Grant programs, Suspension of Public Housing Assessment System and Section Eight Management Assessment Program”

Planning a Housing Surge to Accelerate Rehousing Efforts in Response to COVID-19

Rehousing Activation and Racial Equity Part 1: Equity as the Foundation

Shelter Management During an Infectious Disease Outbreak

Specific Considerations for Public Health Authorities to Limit Infection Risk Among People Experiencing Homelessness

Using CoC Program Funds for Infectious Disease Preparedness and Response

U.S. Department of Labor

COVID-19 Dislocated Worker Grants

U.S. Department of the Treasury

The CARES Act Provides Assistance for State and Local Governments

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

COVID-19 Response Plan

Homeless Veterans

Novel Coronavirus Disease

Nutrition and Food Services

U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness

COVID-19 Response for People Experiencing Homelessness: Early Learnings from Seattle/King County

Federal Programs that Support Individuals Experiencing Homelessness

USICH and SARS-CoV-2: The Federal Response for Families and Individuals Experiencing Homelessness

Webinar: COVID-19 Planning and Response: Isolation and Quarantine: Lessons Learned from King County

Co-Sheltering Collaborative: Promoting compassionate interventions for people experiencing homelessness with animals.

COVID-19 Guidelines for Co-Sheltering Environments

Disaster Response Rehousing

COVID-19 Stimulant Use and Harm Reduction

Guidance for People Who Use Substances on COVID-19

Guidelines for Providing Case Management and Disaster Case Management During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Release to What? Behavioral Health-based Strategies to address COVID-19: Equity for the Homeless and Justice Involved

Safer Drug Use During the COVID-19 Outbreak

Sheltering in COVID-19 Affected Areas

Strategies for Disseminating and Implementing COVID-19 Public Health Prevention Practices in Rural Areas

Harm Reduction Coalition: Safer Drug Use During the COVID-19 Outbreak

Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security

Mental Health America

Mental Health and COVID-19 – Information and Resources

National Academy for State Health Policy

States Engage Community Health Workers to Combat COVID-19 and Health Inequities

National Alliance to End Homelessness

COVID-19 Online Learning Series

A Framework for COVID-19 Homelessness Response: Responding to the Intersecting Crises of Homelessness and COVID-19

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

Coronavirus Information

Coronavirus Resources

National Association of Counties

National Center for Homeless Education

National Coalition for Homeless Veterans

National Coalition for the Homeless

National Governors Association

National Health Care for the Homeless Council

COVID-19 and the HCH Community: Ensuring Access to Care Through State Medicaid Telehealth Policies

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Information for Homeless Shelters and Homeless Service Providers

Coronavirus and the HCH Community: Status Updates, Available Guidance, Local Preparations, and Outstanding Issues

COVID-19 & the HCH Community: Comprehensive Testing & Services for People Experiencing Homelessness

COVID-19 & the HCH Community: Medical Respite Care & Alternate Care Sites

COVID-19 & the HCH Community: Strategies for Proactive Universal Testing

How to Use Personal Protective Equipment: A Quick Reference Guide for Frontline Clinical Providers

Needed Actions from Public Health and Emergency Response Systems

Reducing Harm for People Using Drugs & Alcohol During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Guide for Alternate Care Sites Programs

Responding to COVID-19 Among People Experiencing Unsheltered Homelessness

National Health Care for the Homeless Council

Biden Administration’s ‘National Strategy for the COVID-19 Response and Pandemic Preparedness

COVID-19 & the HCH Community: Vaccines for Patients and Staff

National Innovation Services

An Equitable Systems Transformation Framework for COVID-19

National League of Cities

National Low Income Housing Coalition

State and Local Rental Assistance Programs: Finding Solutions for a Growing Crisis

National Network to End Domestic Violence

Pandemic Planning and Services that Support People Who are Homeless

Readiness and Emergency Management for Schools (REMS) Technical Assistance Center

National Low Income Housing Coalition

NLIHC Research Note: Emergency Rental Assistance Programs in Response to COVID-19

Nursing License Map Organization

2020 Mental Health Resource List

SchoolHouse Connection

COVID-19 and Homelessness: Strategies for Schools, Early Learning Programs, and Higher Education Institutions

Using a Disaster Policy to Fund Infectious Disease Preparedness and Response with ESG

Frequently Asked Questions Involving Courts and COVID-19

World Health Organization